These TEN COMMANDMENTS will help you to be an effective group animator. Study the carefully, reflect
on them and put them into practice and you will see your sessions will become productive and enjoyable for your youngsters
and for yourself.
Thou shall prepare for the
-Go through the material beforehand
-Understand the expected objectives
-Study the instructions and guidelines
-Visualize the procedure step by step
-Reflect on the input you like to give
-Get the materials required ready in time.
Thou shall know the dreams
and aspirations needs and desires, problems and struggles of young people.
-This is important if you are to talk to the young people in the same wavelength.
-Be open and honest when you share your experiences, ideas and feelings
-Model and encourage experimental sharing and not mere intellectual discussion
-Accept their feelings and ideas, even if you don’t agree with them
-Be ready to challenge them- always with respect- on positions that are
inconsistent, erroneous and unclear.
-Offer as much of yourself as you feel comfortable in sharing.
Thou shall be accepting and
-Offer understanding, acceptance, support and appreciation for the ideas,
feelings and efforts.
-See yourself as a gift worth giving and see the youngsters too as gifts
to be gratefully received.
Thou shall understand their
-Young people have their own language, expression and idioms. You have to understand them.
-Identify with the young. Try to put yourself into their shoes, walk in them, and see their
world as you see it.
Thou shall be firm
-Maintain an orderly, controlled atmosphere, even during fun times.
-Do not let anyone block the process of learning in the group
-Do not allow the participants to be disrespectful to you or to one another.
-Keep the atmosphere warm, friendly and free, by disciplined.
Thou shall be flexible
-Be willing to adjust and change plans at short notice.
-Be ready to change pre-planned sessions according to the need and mood of the participants.
-Be prepared to shorten or extend sessions, divided them into parts, and
Thou shall create an atmosphere of warmth, joy and
-Create an atmosphere, where they will feel free to share, to conform or disagree, to question
or challenge on another’s opinions.
-Create a climate, where they can feel free to share their concerns and
fears, express their doubts and questions, without the fear of being judged or condemned.
Thou shall have faith
-Believe that God is actively involved in the lives of young people.
-Believe in the goodness, gift and good will of the young people.
-Believe that all your efforts will bear fruit some day.
THE LEARNING PROCESS (How Learning Takes Place)
All Learning is a process of CHANGE.
It is a response of the learner to a situation
provided by the Teacher.
Requirements of Good Learning:
Need of the student:
-The student should feel the need of learning, knowing, listening, observing, working etc.
-The teachers should show the student why he/she should study the subject/Topic
Readiness of the Students:
-The students should have the capacity and willingness to learn what the teacher teaches.
-The teacher tries to discover what the student is ready to learn and teach him/her just that.
-The students should be physically, emotionally and intellectually ready for what is being taught.
Providing Learning situations:
-The teacher provides opportunities to the students where learning takes place. (Good introduction, right questions
at right time, appropriate teaching aids, correct language, good grasp of subject matter, organized activities etc. create
good opportunities to learn)
-The students are encouraged to think, observe speak out, ask question, share opinions, and respect other’s
views with the teacher and with one another. (Group discussions, Play Way,
Brain storming, Group study).
Feeling the Security:
-For free participation without fear and threats Teacher should be warm, considerate, loving, accepting, respectful,
encouraging and inspiring confidence.
-Is freedom in the class useful, threatening or harmful?
-Learning by doing-wrote experience, practical.
-Evaluation of learning, Results of the achievements.
-Acts as a motivation, keeps the student interested.
Practice of Skills:
-Drills, reviews, repetitious, revision.
-Learning by HABIT FORMATION.
A Teacher is like an artist and craftsman. He
knows to work with his tools. Knows many tricks to make his tools work. Plans his work according to a scheme and creates beautiful
experiences (Natural Teaching Device)
-The Teacher makes use of students own life experiences of the past.
-Use of senses: touch (to touch) Eyes (seeing) Nose (smelling), tongue (tasting) Ear (hearing)
devices (Artificial Teaching devices)
-The teacher makes use of the skill of narration, exposition, description, explanation, questioning, illustration,
text books, evaluation, homework, demonstration, dramatization, revision etc…
-It should be done in an orderly manner, using proper gestures. Correct and simple words, natural tone and pleasing
-It should help the students to imagine events, persons, places etc…
-To open up, exhibit, display, disclose
-To give new information and explaining it.
-To help the students to grasp the meaning and understand the new information.
-To develop logical thinking.
-Portrayal in words of person, objects, things and happenings.
-Helps the student to get a mental picture by using models, pictures, diagram, maps etc. (The teacher should
know the material well. Important points should be repeated and stressed).
-By using narration and description given step by step.
-Suggests lines of thoughts by questioning, answering and discussing. (Chance to be given to the students to
ask questions and clarify Important points should be written on the black board. Using of audio-visual aids. A summary should
be given at the end).
-It is an art and skill, key to teaching
-“A TEACHER WHO DOES NOT QUESTIONS, NEVER TEACHES”.
-To stimulate thinking and learning.
-To develop logical thinking.
-To test the knowledge, to evaluate.
-To develop line of though thinking for themselves.
-Verbal: Picturing by using words, comparisons
-Non-Verbal: using concrete material, black board, sketches, models, specimens, pictures, photos, diagrams, graphs,
maps charts etc…
-They appeal to the sense of hearing, seeing.
-They add to understanding.
-They keep the class interested
-They should be simple and exact, not too many in the lesson.
-The teacher should know how to handle them at correct time.
-Arranged and readymade knowledge
-Teacher should use them only as help
-Over dependency on textbooks makes teacher and the student dull. (Should we use the text books at all ?)
-To test how well the subject matter is learnt and digested.
-Helps the teacher to evaluate the effectiveness of his teaching and make changes if necessary.
-Teacher uses the teaching material and shows the students how to do. (Children always want to see how things
are done and how things work)
-It keeps the class interested.
-Spontaneous acting out of roles, scenery, customs, habits mannerisms, language etc.
-Helps to reconstruct and relive the events.
-Appeals to the emotions of the students.
-Helps the students to come out of their shyness, stage fear, and complexes.
-Helps to improve leadership qualities.
-Gives an opportunity to plan, organize and execute.
-Makes teaching interest and colourful.
-Acting onstage with proper costume, stage setting, lighting, make up etc.
-Needs lot of practice (speech and actions)
-Creating scenery with materials on a stage, classroom or hall.
-Acting through body action with an explanation.
-Can be performed in a classroom in ordinary dress
-Acting (without words) in such a ways that people understand the meaning.
AIMS OF TEACHING
understand written English
-Meaning of words, construction of sentences, reading habits (loud reading, silent reading)
understand spoken English
-Use of words, phrases and grammar
-Tone and sounds, pronunciation.
speak correct English- accuracy, fluency
-Vocabulary, (use of dictionary) phrases, idioms.
-Correct pronunciation and intonation, opportunities.
-To hear good English spoken (audio-visual aids).
write correct English (expression)
-Handwriting, spelling, selection of right words.
-Construction of sentences, grammar, composition.
Aims of Teaching poetry:
appreciate the beauty (emotions, rhymes and rhythm, lyrics and style)
Aims of Teaching Social Studies:
Social studies is the study of human being, society
and environment. Civics, history, geography, sociology and economics are parts of Social Studies.
of democratic thinking (co-operation).
of desirable social behavior (learn how to live in the society).
of National, international problems.
towards humanity and environment.
of independent thinking power (learn to take decision in difficult life situation)
Aims of Teaching Civics:
make students ideal citizens.
create a national bent of mind-build a national character.
develop a world citizenship.
build civic character.
make students politically conscious.
Aims of Teaching History:
create an interest in History.
develop the feeling of love and pride for the country.
learn lessons from the past.
create an understanding of the present on the basis of past events.
learn about national and international cultures, people, places and events.
develop critical thinking.
Aims of Teaching Geography:
develop interest in our surroundings.
develop knowledge of our environment.
learn about places, people, cultures.
develop love of nature.
Aims of Teaching Economics:
understand principles of economic life.
understand economic life and problems.
improve economic efficiency-learn how to make a living.
-of relationship with other branches of science and interdependence of branches of science.
-Of plants, animals and other natural elements.
-Of nature and nature happenings.
-Of general rules of health, of life.
-handling of apparatus and instruments, arranging of apparatus for experiments drawing sketches of problem solving
-to sense the problems, to analyze, to generalize, to discuss, argue, to gather information to understand data
-A scientific attitude
-Critical observation, open-mindedness, respect to others point of view, ready to change one’s opinions
as one gains better understanding.
-Curious to know more about things around, want to know why, how, what of things one observes.
-Objectivity, truthful in observation, unbiased and impartial.
-Not to judge without proof, not to exaggerate, to be up to date.
5.TRAINING IN SCIENTIFIC METHOD (reflection) AND THINKING
-Sense the problem
-Correct relevant facts and data, organize it, understand it and form an opinion based on accuracy.
-Reading scientific literature, scientific hobbies, activities, science clubs, exhibitions, collections, and
-Truthfulness, honesty, self-reliance, confidence, etc.
8.USEFUL SPENDING OF LEISURE TIME
-Reading, collecting specimens, things of interest, works like gardening, live stock.
9.TRAINING OF BETTER LIVING
-Knowledge of health and hygiene, understanding of surroundings, use of science, nature in daily life.
FOR BETTER CAREER
-Specialization for the future.
ON THE IMPORTANCE OF CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
Curricular activities such as Academic excellence
and co-curricular activities such as drama dance etc are two eyes of the face of two sides ofthe coin called school. But unfortunately due importance is not given to co-curricular activities as it deserves to
Kinds of Co-Curricular activities.
3.Civil training Activities
01. Visit to courts
Learning about the world
03. Hiking (mountain, ice
Spirit of adventure
Development of arts, preservation
f culture, appreciation of beauty
Physical fitness, fatigue
is removed, refreshed minds.
Development logical thinking
08. Clay modeling
Creativity skills develops
09. Revolving, spinning
10. Grouped Dancing
Promotion of culture, learn
to work together, discipline
11. First Aid Centre Organization
for public (occasionally)
How to help meaning of life
meaning of life satisfaction of helping others.
Creativity and satisfaction
13. Paper cutting
Creativity skills to make
use of even useless things.
14. Poster making
Spirit of observation, awareness
15. Group Singing
Cooperation, leadership qualities
16. Solo Singing
Skill of Music
17. Skit competition
How to write drama, how to
act how to organize.
18. Social service
Develops selflessness, service
Creativity skill develops
20. Adult literacy programme
Reality of the society, importance
of service, personal satisfaction.
Spirit of adventure, spirit
to achieve something in life.
23. Dramatizing of history
Life of our ancestors, life
style of the past, effect of good and evil.
Different viewpoints. Art
of speaking, great amount of information.
25. Poem writing and reciting
Art of writing poems, art
of appreciatingbeauty and esthetic sense, poetical sense.
Memory power increases, dramatization
27. School Magazine
How to write how to edit,
how to organize.
28. Group discussions
Appreciating different opinion,
spirit of evolving a consensus, new ideas.
29. Cleaning the surroundings
Importance cleanliness, duty
of keeping things clean and tidy, health and hygiene
30. NCC, SCOUTS
Discipline, spirit of helping
31. Physical Drill
Leadership qualities physical
exercise, importance of following rules and regulations.
32. Drama, Plays
Memorizing skill, organizing
skill, art of acting develops.
33. Arbitration Society
Spirit of judgment
34. Music competition
Develops taste for music
35. Sports competition
Students learn to excel in
Learns new places, people,
culture, togetherness, sharing, caring for one another.
37. School Banking system
Student learn to save, learn
38. Visit to hospitals
Sufferings of the people,
accident ward gives them a sound lesson for life.
39. Visit to prison, present
Evil goers will be punished,
importance of behaving well.
40. Visit to historical places
History of the glorious past,
learn to become one such.
41. Visit to some industries
How the things are produced,
how people of different walks of life work together, importance of division of labor, organizing skills.
42. Visit to a news paper
Knowledge about the industry
importance of journalism.
43. Visit to a laboratory
Knowledge about science
44. Prayer bank system
Importance of prayer, compassionate,
spirit of helping, awareness.
45. Media team
General knowledge, spirit
of cooperation, interest to know the news and views around, creativity.
46. Organizing Fete
How to raise fund, how to
organize, how to cooperate, how to work for the common good.
How to conduct a seminar,
how to talk a lot of knowledge outside the text book etc.
Special techniques to communicate
The following are the special techniques that
can be used communicate values to students. They can be divided into five categories, namely:
Let us examine the various techniques in each
Speech based techniques
-Photo language sessions
-Analyzing critical incidents (case studies)
Activity based techniques
-Preparation of scarp books
-Preparation of collages
-Project work/library research
-Work experience programme
-Surveys, interviews, field trips.
USE THE FOLLOWING METHODS IN YOUR TEACHINGS
-Use a lot of questions ‘questions and answers method’, this was the method used by great Socrates
of the Greek.
-Use plenty of examples-the day today happenings. They also will learn to see the things that are happening with
a new insight.
-Be humorous but do not become a joker, and then they will not respect you.
-Be optimistic of your students. If you think negatively of your students, sure they will behave negative. Give
them always a positive stroke.
-Know your students personally. If you are class teacher you ought to know them by name and even their family
background. Try to know about them. Even when he wishes you ask about his parents and brothers at home and give him a pat
on his shoulder.
-Try to use as much as Audio Visual helps
-Try to use many posters, pictures, maps, globes etc.
-Know the family background well if you have to be an effective teacher.
-Encourage the children to ask questions. Let them feel comfortable in your presence.
-Teach with activities. The students should be able to observe even through your actions.
-Give always a positive stroke, because the children become exactly to the stroke you are giving often. If you
repeatedly call him a mad, definitely he will hit you soon.
-Use computer, TV. In these days they are not luxurious.
-Promote parents – teachers’ cooperation.
-Be friendly with the students and at the same time keep the distance.
-When you have to teach poems, song, sing them with a tune and even with some graceful moments.
-Use nature as example.
-Be supportive to them in the time of trouble.
Essential Qualities of a Teacher
ØThorough knowledge of the subject and thirst for knowledge
ØPatience and Tolerance
ØOriginal and critical outlook
ØSelf confidence and self criticism
ØRespect for the personality of the childr3en
ØFriendly outlook towards students
Causes of frustration in teachers
ØLack of old age security
ØNo regard for merit
ØA uniform policy
ØTeachers with similar qualification could be give similar pay
ØThe dependents of the teacher could be given free education
ØPrivate tuitions could be discouraged
ØTeachers should be given due respect.
Four Types of Teachers
Highly mission-oriented teachers
Sufficiently mission-oriented teachers
Insufficiently mission-oriented teachers
Anti mission oriented teachers
Love and affection
Meaning in life
Need for dignity
Control over others
Control over Environment
Let us know what you think!
I conduct seminars and cources for teachers, students, youth, and for parents on different topics such as :
Leadership Training programme
Media Awareness Programme
Sex Education Programme
Effective Communication Skills etc.
If any institutions require such programme kindly contact me at: