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Effective Methods of Teaching

Contact Us: Jesudass, St Pauls. Z.291.Anna Nagar, Chennai

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A Refresher Course to Teachers on

Effective Methods of Teaching

 

http://brotherjesu@tripod.com 

Session I

 

01.     Introduction                                                                    09:00 am

02.     Ice Break Session                                                            09:15 am

03.     Feedback to Ice Breaker                                                  09:45 am

04.     Resources                                                                      10:00 am

Short break         10:30 am

 

Session II

 

05.     Workshop                                                                      10:45 am

06.     Feed back                                                                       11:15 am

07.     Human Needs                                                                 12:00 pm

Lunch break 01:00 pm

 

Session III

 

08.     Yardsticks/Factors                                                          02:00 pm

09.     Workshop                                                                      02:30 pm

10.     Feed back                                                                       03:00 pm

11.     Workshop on models of Teaching                                   03:30 pm

 

Tea Break 04:00 pm

12.     1st Day Conclusion                                                                   04:30 pm

2nd Day

 

Session I

 

1.       The world of  Multimedia Media                                      09.00 am

 

2.       Mediacracy                                                                     10.00 am

 

Short break         10:30 am

 

Session II

 

3.       Group Discussion                                                           11.00 am

4.       Feedback                                                                        11.45 am

Lunch break 01:00 pm

 

Session III

 

5.       The world of students                                                     02.00 pm

6.       Teacher’s effective  response                                          0.300 pm

 

 

 

 

Resource person

Br. A. Jesudass.ssp, The Director,

Z.291.Anna nagar (w).Chennai-600040

Ph:9444354880; E mail: Jesudass@dailythanthi.com;

brotherjesu@sify.com

Site: www.jesudass.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We Learn

 

10 % of what we read

20 % of what we hear

30 % of what we see

50 % of what we see and hear

70 % of what we discuss

80 % of what we personally experience

95 % of what we teach  It is by

teaching we learn the most !!!

 

 

 

Twelve ways of teaching and learning

 

1.         Verbal                         :           Words

2.         Linguistic        :           Expression

3.         Logical           :           Reasoning

4.         Mathematical             :           Counting

5.         Visual             :           Drawing, patterns, designs

6.         Saptial                        :           Imagination and day dreaming

7.         Body               :           Dance, drama

8.         Physical          :           Games, exercises

9.         Music              :           Singing

10.       Rhythmic        :           Rhyms, Poetry, singing

11.       Interpersonal  :           Group work, Colloboration

12,.      Intra-personal :           Silent Reflection, Self KNowledge,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ten Commandments for Teachers

 

These TEN COMMANDMENTS will help you to be an effective group animator. Study the carefully, reflect on them and put them into practice and you will see your sessions will become productive and enjoyable for your youngsters and for yourself.

 

  1. Thou shall prepare for the sessions carefully

-          Go through the material beforehand

-          Understand the expected objectives

-          Study the instructions and guidelines

-          Visualize the procedure step by step

-          Reflect on the input you like to give

-          Get the materials required ready in time.

  1. Thou shall know the dreams and aspirations needs and desires, problems and struggles of young people.

-          This is important if you are to talk to the young people in the same wavelength.

  1. Thou shall listen

-          Listen  without judging, analyzing, probing, correcting, solving problems and  giving advice

-          Listen with empathy, understanding and love

-          Listen to the feelings behind the words

-          Listen with your ears, eyes, and with your heart

  1. Thou shall Model Openness

-          Be open and honest when you share your experiences, ideas and feelings

-          Model and encourage experimental sharing and not mere intellectual discussion

-          Accept their feelings and ideas, even if you don’t agree with them

-          Be ready to challenge them- always with respect- on positions that are inconsistent, erroneous and unclear.

-          Offer as much of yourself as you feel comfortable in sharing.

  1. Thou shall be accepting and affirming

-          Offer understanding, acceptance, support and appreciation for the ideas, feelings and efforts.

-          See yourself as a gift worth giving and see the youngsters too as gifts to be gratefully received.

  1. Thou shall understand their language

-          Young people have their own language, expression and idioms. You have to understand them.

-          Identify with the young. Try to put yourself into their shoes, walk in them, and see their world as you see it.

  1. Thou shall be firm

-          Maintain an orderly, controlled atmosphere, even during fun times.

-          Do not let anyone block the process of learning in the group

-          Do not allow the participants to be disrespectful to you or to one another.

-          Keep the atmosphere warm, friendly and free, by disciplined.

  1. Thou shall be flexible

-          Be willing to adjust and change plans at short notice.

-          Be ready to change pre-planned sessions according to the need and mood of the participants.

-          Be prepared to shorten or extend sessions, divided them into parts, and redefine objectives.

  1. Thou shall create an atmosphere of warmth, joy and freedom

-          Create an atmosphere, where they will feel free to share, to conform or disagree, to question or challenge on another’s opinions.

-          Create a climate, where they can feel free to share their concerns and fears, express their doubts and questions, without the fear of being judged or condemned.

  1. Thou shall have faith

-          Believe that God is actively involved in the lives of young people.

-          Believe in the goodness, gift and good will of the young people.

-          Believe that all your efforts will bear fruit some day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE LEARNING PROCESS (How Learning Takes Place)

 

All Learning is a process of CHANGE.

It is a response of the learner to a situation provided by the Teacher.

 

Requirements of Good Learning:

 

  1. Need of the student:

-         The student should feel the need of learning, knowing, listening, observing, working etc.

-         The teachers should show the student why he/she should study the subject/Topic

 

  1. Readiness of the Students:

-         The students should have the capacity and willingness to learn what the teacher teaches.

-         The teacher tries to discover what the student is ready to learn and teach him/her just that.

-         The students should be physically, emotionally and intellectually ready for what is being taught.

 

  1. Providing Learning situations:

-         The teacher provides opportunities to the students where learning takes place. (Good introduction, right questions at right time, appropriate teaching aids, correct language, good grasp of subject matter, organized activities etc. create good opportunities to learn)

 

  1. Interaction:

-         The students are encouraged to think, observe speak out, ask question, share opinions, and respect other’s views with the teacher and with one another. (Group discussions, Play Way, Brain storming, Group study).

 

  1. Feeling the Security:

-         For free participation without fear and threats Teacher should be warm, considerate, loving, accepting, respectful, encouraging and inspiring confidence.

-         Is freedom in the class useful, threatening or harmful?

 

  1. Experimentation:

-         Learning by doing-wrote experience, practical.

 

  1. Feedback/Evaluation:

-         Evaluation of learning, Results of the achievements.

-         Acts as a motivation, keeps the student interested.

 

  1. Practice of Skills:

-         Drills, reviews, repetitious, revision.

-         Learning by HABIT FORMATION.

TEACHING DEVICES

 

A Teacher is like an artist and craftsman. He knows to work with his tools. Knows many tricks to make his tools work. Plans his work according to a scheme and creates beautiful things.

 

Teaching devices:

    1. Direct experiences (Natural Teaching Device)

-         The Teacher makes use of students own life experiences of the past.

-         Use of senses: touch (to touch) Eyes (seeing) Nose (smelling), tongue (tasting) Ear (hearing)

    1. Indirect devices (Artificial Teaching devices)

-         The teacher makes use of the skill of narration, exposition, description, explanation, questioning, illustration, text books, evaluation, homework, demonstration, dramatization, revision etc…

Narration:

-         It should be done in an orderly manner, using proper gestures. Correct and simple words, natural tone and pleasing manners.

-         It should help the students to imagine events, persons, places etc…

 

Exposition:

-         To open up, exhibit, display, disclose

-         To give new information and explaining it.

-         To help the students to grasp the meaning and understand the new information.

-         To develop logical thinking.

 

Description:

-         Portrayal in words of person, objects, things and happenings.

-         Helps the student to get a mental picture by using models, pictures, diagram, maps etc. (The teacher should know the material well. Important points should be repeated and stressed).

 

Explanation:

-         By using narration and description given step by step.

-         Suggests lines of thoughts by questioning, answering and discussing. (Chance to be given to the students to ask questions and clarify Important points should be written on the black board. Using of audio-visual aids. A summary should be given at the end).

 

Questioning:

-         It is an art and skill, key to teaching

-         “A TEACHER WHO DOES NOT QUESTIONS, NEVER TEACHES”.

-         To stimulate thinking and learning.

-         To develop logical thinking.

-         To test the knowledge, to evaluate.

-         To develop line of though thinking for themselves.

 

Illustration:

-         Verbal: Picturing by using words, comparisons

-         Non-Verbal: using concrete material, black board, sketches, models, specimens, pictures, photos, diagrams, graphs, maps charts etc…

-         They appeal to the sense of hearing, seeing.

-         They add to understanding.

-         They keep the class interested

-         They should be simple and exact, not too many in the lesson.

-         The teacher should know how to handle them at correct time.

 

Text Books:

-         Arranged and readymade knowledge

-         Teacher should use them only as help

-         Over dependency on textbooks makes teacher and the student dull. (Should we use the text books at all ?)

 

Evaluation:

-         To test how well the subject matter is learnt and digested.

-         Helps the teacher to evaluate the effectiveness of his teaching and make changes if necessary.

 

Demonstration:

-         Teacher uses the teaching material and shows the students how to do. (Children always want to see how things are done and how things work)

-         It keeps the class interested.

 

Dramatization:

-         Spontaneous acting out of roles, scenery, customs, habits mannerisms, language etc.

-         Helps to reconstruct and relive the events.

-         Appeals to the emotions of the students.

-         Helps the students to come out of their shyness, stage fear, and complexes.

-         Helps to improve leadership qualities.

-         Gives an opportunity to plan, organize and execute.

-         Makes teaching interest and colourful.

Types:

 

i. Plays:

-         Acting onstage with proper costume, stage setting, lighting, make up etc.

-         Needs lot of practice (speech and actions)

ii. Pageant:

-         Creating scenery with materials on a stage, classroom or hall.

iii. Pantomime:

-         Acting through body action with an explanation.

-         Can be performed in a classroom in ordinary dress

iv. Tabluau:

-         Acting (without words) in such a ways that people understand the meaning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AIMS OF TEACHING

 

  1. To understand written English

-         Meaning of words, construction of sentences, reading habits (loud reading, silent reading)

 

  1. To understand spoken English

-         Use of words, phrases and grammar

-         Tone and sounds, pronunciation.

 

  1. To speak correct English- accuracy, fluency

-         Vocabulary, (use of dictionary) phrases, idioms.

-         Correct pronunciation and intonation, opportunities.

-         To hear good English spoken (audio-visual aids).

 

  1. To write correct English (expression)

-         Handwriting, spelling, selection of right words.

-         Construction of sentences, grammar, composition.

 

Aims of Teaching poetry:

 

  1. to appreciate the beauty (emotions, rhymes and rhythm, lyrics and style)
  2. to develop imagination.

 

Aims of Teaching Social Studies:

 

Social studies is the study of human being, society and environment. Civics, history, geography, sociology and economics are parts of Social Studies.

 

  1. Development of democratic thinking (co-operation).
  2. Development of desirable social behavior (learn how to live in the society).
  3. Development of personality.
  4. Leadership.
  5. Awareness of National, international problems.
  6. Respect towards humanity and environment.
  7. Development of independent thinking power (learn to take decision in difficult life situation)

 

Aims of Teaching Civics:

 

  1. to make students ideal citizens.
  2. to create a national bent of mind-build a national character.
  3. to develop a world citizenship.
  4. to build civic character.
  5. to make students politically conscious.

 

 

Aims of Teaching History:

 

  1. to create an interest in History.
  2. to develop the feeling of love and pride for the country.
  3. to learn lessons from the past.
  4. to create an understanding of the present on the basis of past events.
  5. to learn about national and international cultures, people, places and events.
  6. to develop critical thinking.

 

Aims of Teaching Geography:

 

  1. to develop interest in our surroundings.
  2. to develop knowledge of our environment.
  3. to learn about places, people, cultures.
  4. to develop love of nature.

 

Aims of Teaching Economics:

 

  1. to understand principles of economic life.
  2. to understand economic life and problems.
  3. to improve economic efficiency-learn how to make a living.
  4. to promote business aptitude.

 

Aims of Teaching Maths:

Values: Practical Values:

Counting, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, weighing, measuring, selling and buying, budgeting.

 

Disciplinary values:

-         The exactness trains the mind, reasoning and thinking.

-         Simplicity

-         Accuracy of thinking and expression

-          Certainty

-         Verification of results

-         Concentration- by regular practice

-         Economic living- of time

-         Self Reliance

-         Attitude of Discovery

-         Handwork

 

  1. Develop the power of thinking and reasoning to help the students to solve mathematical problems in daily lives.
  2. Develop the habit of concentrating, discipline, self-reliance, patience.
  3. Develop the ability of hard work, regularity, patience.
  4. Develop the power of expression
  5. Develop sense of accuracy and efficiency
  6. Learn the meanings of signs and symbols
  7. Prepare students for technical professions and careers
  8. To learn economic, purposeful, creative, constructive living.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Values of Teaching Science:

We are living in the world of Science.

 

1.         Intellectual Value          :           new ways of thinking and reasoning.

2.         Useful Value                 :           discovering new things which are useful to

mankind.

3.         Vocational Value          :           choose from any branch of science-medical,

engineering.

4.         Cultural Value               :           Science changes many traditional beliefs, practices,

and superstitions.

5.         Training Value  :           Training in scientific methods, accurate,

methodical.

6.         Scientific attitude           :           observations, open-mind, critical thinking, correct

judgements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OBJECTIVES OF TEACHING SCIENCE:

 

1.                  KNOWLEDGE

-         of main principles and concepts of science

-         of facts in science

-         of relationship with other branches of science and interdependence of branches of science.

-         Of plants, animals and other natural elements.

-         Of nature and nature happenings.

-         Of general rules of health, of life.

 

2.                  SKILLS

-         handling of apparatus and instruments, arranging of apparatus for experiments drawing sketches of problem solving of observation

 

3.                  ABILITIES

-         to sense the problems, to analyze, to generalize, to discuss, argue, to gather information to understand data and interpret.

 

4.                  ATTITUDES

-         A scientific attitude

-         Critical observation, open-mindedness, respect to others point of view, ready to change one’s opinions as one gains better understanding.

-         Curious to know more about things around, want to know why, how, what of things one observes.

-         Objectivity, truthful in observation, unbiased and impartial.

-         Not to judge without proof, not to exaggerate, to be up to date.

 

5.                  TRAINING IN SCIENTIFIC METHOD (reflection) AND THINKING

-         Not irrational

-         Sense the problem

-         Correct relevant facts and data, organize it, understand it and form an opinion based on accuracy.

-         Draw conclusion.

 

6.                  INTERESTS

-         Reading scientific literature, scientific hobbies, activities, science clubs, exhibitions, collections, and field study.

 

7.                  HABITS

-         Truthfulness, honesty, self-reliance, confidence, etc.

 

8.                  USEFUL SPENDING OF LEISURE TIME

-         Reading, collecting specimens, things of interest, works like gardening, live stock.

 

9.                  TRAINING OF BETTER LIVING

-         Knowledge of health and hygiene, understanding of surroundings, use of science, nature in daily life.

 

  1. FOR BETTER CAREER

-         Specialization for the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
ON THE IMPORTANCE OF CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

 

Curricular activities such as Academic excellence and co-curricular activities such as drama dance etc are two eyes of the face of two sides of  the coin called school. But unfortunately due importance is not given to co-curricular activities as it deserves to be.

 

Kinds of Co-Curricular activities.

1.                  Social activities

2.                  Physical Activities

3.                  Civil training Activities

4.                  Academic Activities

5.                  Cultural Activities

6.                  Creative Activities

7.                  Multipurpose Activities

 

Co-curricular Activities
Advantages

01. Visit to courts

Learning about the world of today

02. Camping

Co-operation

03. Hiking (mountain, ice climbing)

Spirit of adventure

04. Gardening

Appreciate environment

05. Dancing

Development of arts, preservation f culture, appreciation of beauty

06. Playing

Physical fitness, fatigue is removed, refreshed minds.

07. Debates

Development logical thinking

08. Clay modeling

Creativity skills develops

09. Revolving, spinning

Physical flexibility

10. Grouped Dancing

Promotion of culture, learn to work together, discipline

11. First Aid Centre Organization for public (occasionally)

How to help meaning of life meaning of life satisfaction of helping others.

12. Weaving

Creativity and satisfaction

13. Paper cutting

Creativity skills to make use of even useless things.

14. Poster making

Spirit of observation, awareness of surroundings.

15. Group Singing

Cooperation, leadership qualities discipline

16. Solo Singing

Skill of Music

17. Skit competition

How to write drama, how to act how to organize.

18. Social service

Develops selflessness, service mindedness.

19. Carpeting

Creativity skill develops

20. Adult literacy programme

Reality of the society, importance of service, personal satisfaction.

21. Mountaineering

Spirit of adventure, spirit to achieve something in life.

22. Cycling

Physical development

23. Dramatizing of history

Life of our ancestors, life style of the past, effect of good and evil.

24. Symposiums

Different viewpoints. Art of speaking, great amount of information.

25. Poem writing and reciting

Art of writing poems, art of appreciating  beauty and esthetic sense, poetical sense.

26. Declamation

Memory power increases, dramatization

27. School Magazine

How to write how to edit, how to organize.

28. Group discussions

Appreciating different opinion, spirit of evolving a consensus, new ideas.

29. Cleaning the surroundings

Importance cleanliness, duty of keeping things clean and tidy, health and hygiene

30. NCC, SCOUTS

Discipline, spirit of helping others.

31. Physical Drill

Leadership qualities physical exercise, importance of following rules and regulations.

32. Drama, Plays

Memorizing skill, organizing skill, art of acting develops.

33. Arbitration Society

Spirit of judgment

34. Music competition

Develops taste for music

35. Sports competition

Students learn to excel in sports

36. Excursion

Learns new places, people, culture, togetherness, sharing, caring for one another.

37. School Banking system

Student learn to save, learn to serve

38. Visit to hospitals

Sufferings of the people, accident ward gives them a sound lesson for life.

39. Visit to prison, present a programme

Evil goers will be punished, importance of behaving well.

40. Visit to historical places

History of the glorious past, learn to become one such.

41. Visit to some industries

How the things are produced, how people of different walks of life work together, importance of division of labor, organizing skills.

42. Visit to a news paper house

Knowledge about the industry importance of journalism.

43. Visit to a laboratory

Knowledge about science

44. Prayer bank system

Importance of prayer, compassionate, spirit of helping, awareness.

45. Media team

General knowledge, spirit of cooperation, interest to know the news and views around, creativity.

46. Organizing Fete

How to raise fund, how to organize, how to cooperate, how to work for the common good.

47. Seminars

How to conduct a seminar, how to talk a lot of knowledge outside the text book etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Special techniques to communicate

 

The following are the special techniques that can be used communicate values to students. They can be divided into five categories, namely:

 

1.     Speech based techniques

2.     Activity based techniques

3.     Dramatization techniques

4.     Simulation techniques

  1. Co-curricular techniques

 

Let us examine the various techniques in each category

 

  1. Speech based techniques

-         Think-tank sessions

-         Panel discussion

-         Debates

-         Round-table conference

-         Seminar

-         Symposiums

-         Photo language sessions

-         Analyzing critical incidents (case studies)

-         Hat speeches

 

  1. Activity based techniques

-         Preparation of scarp books

-         Preparation of collages

-         Project work/library research

-         Work experience programme

-         Surveys, interviews, field trips.

 

  1. Dramatization techniques

-         Role plays

-         Skits

-         Mime

  1. Stimulation techniques

-         Skits

 

  1. Co-curricular techniques

-         Talents contests

-         Exhibitions

-         Displays

 

 

USE THE FOLLOWING METHODS IN YOUR TEACHINGS

 

-         Use a lot of questions ‘questions and answers method’, this was the method used by great Socrates of the Greek.

-         Use plenty of examples-the day today happenings. They also will learn to see the things that are happening with a new insight.

-         Be humorous but do not become a joker, and then they will not respect you.

-         Be optimistic of your students. If you think negatively of your students, sure they will behave negative. Give them always a positive stroke.

-         Know your students personally. If you are class teacher you ought to know them by name and even their family background. Try to know about them. Even when he wishes you ask about his parents and brothers at home and give him a pat on his shoulder.

-         Try to use as much as Audio Visual helps

-         Try to use many posters, pictures, maps, globes etc.

-         Know the family background well if you have to be an effective teacher.

-         Encourage the children to ask questions. Let them feel comfortable in your presence.

-         Teach with activities. The students should be able to observe even through your actions.

-         Give always a positive stroke, because the children become exactly to the stroke you are giving often. If you repeatedly call him a mad, definitely he will hit you soon.

-         Be sensitive.

-         Use computer, TV. In these days they are not luxurious.

-         Promote parents – teachers’ cooperation.

-         Be friendly with the students and at the same time keep the distance.

-         When you have to teach poems, song, sing them with a tune and even with some graceful moments.

-         Use nature as example.

-         Be supportive to them in the time of trouble.

 

Essential Qualities of a Teacher

 

      Impartiality

      Good voice

      Thorough knowledge of the subject and thirst for knowledge

      Professional loyalty

      Patience and Tolerance

      Punctuality

      Patriotism

      Original and critical outlook

      Self confidence and self criticism

      Respect for the personality of the childr3en

      Secular outlook

      Friendly outlook towards students

      Social quality

 

 

Causes of frustration in teachers

 

      Social Status

      Economic factors

      Lack of old age security

      No regard for merit

 

Remedies

      A uniform policy

      Teachers with similar qualification could be give similar pay

      The dependents of the teacher could be given free education

      Private tuitions could be discouraged

      Teachers should be given due respect.

 

Four Types of Teachers

 

Highly mission-oriented teachers

Sufficiently mission-oriented teachers

Insufficiently mission-oriented teachers

Anti mission oriented teachers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Human Needs

 

Three Types of needs:

Primary needs

Secondary needs

Tertiary needs

 

Primary Needs:

Secondary Needs

Tertiary Needs:

 

Food

Shelter

Clothing

Health

Sex

 

Education

Skill Development

Employment

Security

Psychological Needs

Social Needs

Cultural Needs

 

 

Psychological Needs

Social Needs

Cultural Needs

 

Love and affection

Communication

Meaning in life

Intellectual Growth

Parental instinct

Human Company

Group Life

Status Needs

Recognition

Need for dignity

Freedom

Equality

Righteousness

Control over others

Control over Environment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let us know what you think!

Dear Friends,

I conduct seminars and cources for teachers, students, youth, and for parents on different topics such as :

Leadership Training programme

Media Awareness Programme

Sex Education Programme

Effective Communication Skills etc.

If any institutions require such programme kindly contact me at:

brotherjesu@sify.com

jesudass@dailythanthi.com

www.jesudass.com

 

 

Give us a call or send an e-mail today for more information or to make reservations.

(800) 555-1212

E-mail:

info@recreation.com

Or send us mail:

Our Recreation Company
Any Street
Anytown, US 01234

Thanks for visiting our site!

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